1. The official name THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA because the country consists of 50 states. The country is usually known by a shorter name or the abbreviation THE USA or THE US. The country is often known as AMERICA because of the name of the continent. AMERICA is the geographical name of the country.
2.The USA is the fourth largest countries in the world (after Russia, Canada and China).
It occupies the southern of North America.
The United States of America is multinational country.
The total area of the country is 9 million sq km. It borders is Canada(in the north), Mexico ( in the south), Russia ( sea border).
The capital of the country is Washington D.C.
The largest cities are: New York, Atlanta, Boston, Houston, Chicago, Detroit. Philadelphia, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Baltimore.
3. If we looking at the map, we can see the lowlands and the highlands. The lowlands are in eastern part. The highlands are in western part. The highest peak is Mount McKinley. It is located in Alaska.
The longest river is Mississippi-Missouri 6,018 kilometers.
The largest lake is Lake Superior, 83,270 sq km.
4.The United States of America is made up of 50 states and District of Columbia.
1. Alabama is The Cotton State(Хлопковый штат)
2. Alaska is The Last Frontier (Последняя граница)
3. Arizona is The Grand Canyon State (Штат Большого Каньона)
4.Arkansas is The Land of Opportunity (Страна возможностей)
5.California is The Golden State
6.Colorado is The Centenary State (Штат столетия)
7.Connecticut is The Constitution State
8.Delaware is The First State
9.Florida is The Sunshine State
10. Georgia is The Empire State of the South (Имперский штат Юга)
11.Hawaii is The Aloha State (гостеприимный штат)
12.Idaho is The Gem State (Драгоценный штат)
13.Illinois is The Land of Lincoln (Земля Линкольна)
14.Indiana is The Hoosier State (Штат-мужлан)
15.Iowa is The Hawk-eyed Stat (штат соколиный глаз)
16.Kansas is The Sunflower State (Подсолнуховый Штат)
17.Kentucky is The Bluegrass State (Пырейный штат)
18.Louisiana is The Pilican State (Пиликановый штат)
19.Maine is The Pine Tree State ( Cосновый штат)
20.Maryland is The Free State
21.Massachusetts is Bay State (Штат у залива)
22.Michigan is The Wolverine State (Штат Росомах)
23.Minnesota is The Gopher State (Сусликовый Штат)
24.Mississippi is The Magnolia State (Магнолиевый штат)
25.Missouri is The Show Me State (Штат Недоверчивых)
26.Montana is The Treasure State (Штат сокровищ)
27.Nebraska is The Cornhusker State (Кукурузный штат)
28.Nevada is Sagebrush State (Полынный штат)
29.New Hampshire is The Granite State (Гранитный штат)
30.New Jersey is The Garden State
31.New Mexico is The Land of Enchantment State (Страна очарования)
32.New York is The Empire State
33.North Carolina is The Tarheel State ( Штат Чернопяточник)
34.North Dakota is The Sioux State (Штат Индейцев Сиу)
35.Ohio is The Buckeye State (Штат Конского Каштана)
36.Oklahoma is The Sooner State (Штат Землезахватчиков)
37. Oregon is The Beaver State (Бобровый Штат)
38.Pennsylvania is The Keystone State (Штат Замкового Камня)
39.Rhode Ireland is The Ocean State (Штат у Океана)
40.South Carolina is The Palmentto State (Штат Пальметты)
41.South Dakota is The Coyote State (Штат Койотов)
42.Tennessee is The Volunteer State (Штат добровольцев)
43.Texas is The Lona Star State (Штат одинокой Звезды)
44.Utah is The Beehive State (Штат Пчелиного Улья)
45.Vermont is The Green Mountain State (Штат Зеленых Гор)
46.Virginia is The Old Dominion State (Штат Старого Доминиона)
47.Washington is The Evergreen State (Вечнозеленый штат)
48.West Virginia is The Rosebay Rhododendron State (Лавровый Рододендрон)
49.Wisconcin is The Badger State (Барсучий штат)
50.Wyoming is The Equality State (Штат Равноправия)
5. The Flags Ot The USA.
The American flag is know as THE STARS AND STRIPES. It consists of fifty stars which represent the fifty stats. Thirteen red and whit horizontal stripes (seven red and six white) stand for the original thirteen Stats that were united in 1776.
The first flag wac called The Grand Union Flag. It combined the flag of the Great Britain with the thirteen streps. It showed that these first thirteen stats were Britain colonies. After the War of Independence, all thirteen states became free and the flag changed the Union, a stars was added.
So now today's flag shows the thirteen strips for the original numbers of states in 1776 plus the 50 stars which represent today's total.
6.The State Emblem of USA.
The symbol of the country is the BALD_HEADED EAGLE with its wings spread on a whit background.
The first Americans chose the eagle as the emblem to symbolist their power. The bald eagle owes its name to the early American colonists. It actually isn't really bald at all but whit-headed. This bird lives only in USA and Canada. In 1782< Congress selected the bald eagle as emblem of the newly formed union to show the courage and might of the nation,
7. One should start sightseeing in America from Washington. There are many beautiful parks and gardens in Washington. It is interesting to see the famous cherry trees, the gift from Japan. They were brought to America in 1912. The NASA museum is devoted to the USA achievements in the exploration of space. Capitol Hill is the highest place in the city. There is a law that forbids to build houses higher than the Capitol on Capitol Hill. From the Capitol to the White House Pennsylvania Avenue used for all processions and parades runs.
8.The Lincoln Memorial and Washington Monument are the most famous ones in Washington. The Washington Monument is one of the most impressive sights in the city. It is situated in Potonic Park. It was erected to the memory of the first president of the USA in 1888. It is called “the Pencil” because it is one of the tallest stone constructions in the world and the tallest in the USA.
9.There are many sights in Philadelphia, for example, the National Historical Park. You can also see the Liberty Bell, which is a symbol of freedom. The sound of this Bell told the people about the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence in July 1776. You can also visit the Philadelphia Museum of Art — one of the greatest art museums of the world.
10.One should also visit New York, the city of skyscrapers with the Statue of Liberty. A new American Immigration Museum has been opened at the base of the statue. The Metropolitan Opera House, the Madison Square Garden, the Modern Arts Museum are popular among the tourists.
11.One can also visit Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center near Houston in Texas or go to Florida or California to enjoy the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean beaches.